coffee-brewing-machineWhen ground coffee beans are added to hot water, the flavour, aroma and colour are released. The end result will depend on the type and ripeness of the coffee bean, the quality of the roast, the fineness of the grind and more.

Too finely ground seeds produce a strong, bitter tasting coffee. To coarse seeds however will not have a lot of taste at all and will taste watery. A fine balance needs to be achieved to make that perfect cup.

Drip Pot – Jean Baptiste (early 1800s)

Jean Baptiste’s Drip Pot was the predecessor to the coffee percolator. The water slowly dripped through a metal filter; the ground coffee beans were placed inside a separate compartment, and hot water was poured over it. The first actual percolator was invented in 1827; the difference being that the machine itself could heat water and brew coffee. Talk about multitasking!

But there were always a lot of coffee grounds in the coffee made this way. Yuk!

Coffee Filters – Melitta Bentz (1908)

In 1908 a German housewife named Melitta Bentz invented filtered coffee. She put a sheet of blotting paper inside a brass pot with holes at the bottom. As she poured the hot water onto the ground coffee beans she discovered that the flavoured water went through and the used grounds remained in the cloth. Up until then the fact that the seeds had to be in the coffee itself made for a less appetizing brew. She sold 1250 coffee filters in her first year, at a fair. By 1912 she had started to manufacture coffee filters, and as you will know the company is still a household name.